Sunday, January 07, 2018

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The plant is high in certain antioxidants The fruit is noted for its high level of vitamin C, and is used to make syrup, tea, and marmalade It has been grown or encouraged in the wild for the production of vitamin C from its fruit (often as rose-hip syrup), especially during conditions of scarcity or during wartime The species has also been introduced to other temperate latitudes During World War II in the United States, Rosa canina was planted in victory gardens, and can still be found growing throughout the country, including roadsides and in wet, sandy areas along the coastlines In Bulgaria, where it grows in abundance, the hips are used to make a sweet wine as well as tea In the traditional Austrian medicine, Rosa canina fruits have been used internally as tea for treatment of viral infections and disorders of the kidneys and urinary tract The hips are used as a flavouring in Cockta, a soft drink made in Slovenia The botanical name is derived from the common names 'dog rose' or similar in several European languages, including classical Latin and ancient (Hellenistic period) GreekIt is sometimes consi dered that the word 'dog' has a disparaging meaning in this context, indicating 'worthless' (by comparison with cultivated garden roses) (Vedel & Lange 1960) According to Elizabeth Knowles, The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2nd ed, 2005), Oxford University Press, the name is a direct translation of its name in classical Latin, rosa canina, itself a translation of the Greek κυνÏŒροδον ('kunórodon'); the name arose out of the belief in classical times that the root was a cure for the bite of a mad dog (It also known that it was used in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to treat the bite of rabid Forms of this plant are used as stocks for the grafting or budding of cultivated roses The wild plant is used for stabilising soil in land reclamation and specialised landscaping schemes

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